How To: Create and Hard Code Subtitles

January 25, 2017 Comments Off on How To: Create and Hard Code Subtitles

FROM ANDREA D, active CCAC provider member:
1. Free program called Video to Video burns in the subtitles during the conversion process.

2. My workflow, from unsubtitled video to final hardsubbed video, assuming I’m doing all the steps myself (and not outsourcing to get a .srt file) is:
  1. Create/obtain a transcript
  2. “Chunk” the transcript into individual subtitle screens, breaking lines at logical points
  3. Upload the video to YouTube (set to “private” since I don’t actually want people watching it)
  4. Upload the transcript to YouTube and let it run the autotiming
  5. Download the autotimed subtitles in .srt format
  6. Open the video and .srt file in Aegisub
  7. Save the .srt file as an .ass file — this step is IMPORTANT because .ass supports a lot more formatting options than .srt
  8. Go through the video with subtitles and correct any timing or transcription errors, and add any formatting (mostly adding italics or moving the subtitles around on the screen so they don’t cover up important on-screen information)
  9. Convert the video to a subtitled video using Video to Video — you just load the video, tell it the output format, tell it what subtitle file to use, and it does the rest.
As far as the details of Aegisub, I learned most of what I do through trial and error. And is a pretty good overview of some of the basics. I don’t use 99% of the features in Aegisub (it does things like karaoke timing and fancy animated subtitles for animé and translation), but for what I do… it works well. I use styles for position on screen, and to specify subtitle font and color options. I personally prefer yellow subtitles on a semi-transparent black box, like this:
Hope this is all helpful!
-Andrea Dietrich
Great question on this topic and related * came into the CCAC Members’ forum the other day and there is additional input in the forum. Are you a CCAC member yet? You are invited now. and email if you have any questions.
*…interested in learning some of the diverse approaches, software, etc., that people use to rip captions from videos for analysis, revision, experimentation, research, critique, etc.

and also asked for input re two closed captioning products for post-production captions.

1. EEG’s FilePro Scribe
2. Telestream’s MacCaption or CaptionMake

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