DIY MEDIA CAPTIONING
March 22, 2017 Comments Off on DIY MEDIA CAPTIONING
DIY MEDIA CAPTIONING – CCAC INFORMATION – LAYPERSON GUIDE
Do It Yourself Media Captioning Training/Learning – For Videos (Not involving Steno or Voice Writing)
See also CCAC website, Resources main page, http://CCACaptioning.org/resources
CCAC member Claude A says: Captioning/subtitling tools are straightforward and don’t require any formal training, and they all work similarly: they offer you an interface for transcribing what you hear into reasonably short lengths, and set the time-codes for the beginning and the end of each chunk so that it will play as subtitle/caption on the video. However, they differ in little practical details, in particular in keyboard shortcuts that allow you to work faster. And so it’s good to try them out to see which you prefer.
CCAC member Chris M says: The first step is to make a good transcript. You can create a transcript “on the fly” with most tools but you’re still creating the transcript. Then using your tool of choice to make a subtitle file. The two prominent subtitle formats are SRT and VTT (also called WebVTT).
TRANSCRIPTION STYLE GUIDE by Michael Lockrey Version 1.0 / Oct 2015 (ML is also a CCAC member):
The standard workflow for captioning video assets always requires an accurate transcription as a
starting point. Captioning can be defined simply as the text equivalent of an audio track –
including spoken dialogue, music descriptions and/or lyrics and any other relevant sound
Here are some general rules for creating a good quality transcription.
SENTENCE CASE-Make sure your transcript is in sentence case. Proper punctuation and grammar ensures that the caption file can be semantically segmented to provide users with the best possible experience.
ELIMINATE DISFLUENCIES-Don’t transcribe disfluencies such as “um”, “ah” or “you know” unless they are relevant.
USE SPEAKER LABELS AND IDENTIFY OTHER RELEVANT SOUND EFFECTS-When multiple speakers are present in a video, they should be given a speaker label in the following format:
NAME OF SPEAKER:
Music descriptions should convey the type of music as far as practicable where there are no
identifiable lyrics.. e.g. (Ethereal singing) – example from the Mount Franklin water advertisement
Music lyrics should be provided where they’re relevant to the context of the video and are
e.g. ♪ Never gonna give you up ♪ ♪ Never gonna let you go ♪
Other relevant sound effects can be used to denote action or sound from the audio track that is
not spoken but is still necessary (and relevant) for captioning users. e.g. (Jennifer laughs) – example from the Mount Franklin water advertisement; (Lift bell dings) – example from the Mount Franklin water advertisement; (Cracking sound) – example from the Mount Franklin water advertisement
NO EXTRANEOUS TEXT – Make sure that your transcript does not contain any extraneous text that is not part of the audio track, unless it is properly identified as other relevant sound effects.
Next – the Workflow – Step by Step – with screen shots from Michael L also – go to: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1WGO7X9vjnnG5BxzCJGkuN_FTxvBNOGOs5FZ7clKU4iA/edit
A public document, he welcomes your comments. Other questions, email CCACaptioning@gmail.com and we’ll put you in touch with him, or others in CCAC. See also ML’s service called http://nomorecraptions.com/ – let him know CCAC sent you! 🙂
Another flow chart here: http://www.diycaptions.com/help/DIYCaptionsSuggestedWorkflow.pdf and also other suggestions (from Mike R, another CCAC member): http://www.diycaptions.com/
FREE systems online for DIY: Check these and try one or more. Good basic training and info:
YouTube – video shows you how – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCZ-cxfxzvk
or https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/2734796?hl=en and newest video and https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/2734799?hl=en&ref_topic=3014331
Newer development from YT/Google is Crowd Captioning for video makers to turn on, then they and others create quality CC (we all hope) – read https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiEybiElXgk
Vimeo – also has video to teach you how to subtitle/caption – http://vimeo.com/help/faq/managing-your-videos/captions-and-subtitles#how-do-i-add-caption-and-subtitle-files-to-my-videos
Amara.org – also has support group online, http://support.amara.org/support/discussions
Aegisubs – http://www.aegisub.org/
http://subtitle-horse.com/ where you don’t need to create an ID
https://dotsub.com/ where you do have to create an ID, but where you
can also upload a video for subtitling.
2017- FACEBOOK also has a system now for you to add captioning to the videos you create and post there.
Check out https://www.facebook.com/help/261764017354370?helpref=faq_content
CCAC will consider offering a webinar on request, e.g. covering the following topics and more:
*Tips with getting started with YouTube,
*Using a tool like nomorecraptions.com to save time with pre-existing YouTube videos.
*Outsourcing transcripts, if you can’t do the transcript yourself it can be outsourced.
*Captioning guidelines. The same quality guidelines that are used for broadcast TV apply to everything else including internet and DVDs.
Two companies that can create the transcript for you (price per minute) – Syncwords and 3PlayMedia
Pepnet – http://www.pepnet.org/training/access-offline-captioning – check to see if offered to people out of USA
3PlayMedia.com is a company with free Captioning training webinars online, and e.g. this page: http://www.3playmedia.com/how-it-works/how-to-guides/captions-subtitles-facebook-video/?utm_content=buffer0c4d6&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer
Udemy has at least two free courses on captioning. The one below has three hours of video.
The DCMP captioning key is an excellent resource.
CCAC member Jamie S. has suggested this link for more general captioning/subtitle information for internationals: http://expectedly.org/inclusivetech/subtitlingcaptioning-resources/
NOTE! FOR LIVE EVENT CAPTIONING (CART, STTR, VOICE WRITING, RE-SPEAKING) – CCAC has a different resource document, a work in progress. If you use it or find it helpful, please let us know: https://docs.google.com/document/d/144wc5uxvxjjnvB-akUcs3V1Sj15Q8PDKqbLP7IMYg8A/edit?usp=sharing
AND NOTE THIS! CCAC ADVOCATES FOR LIVE STREAMS ON FB AQND ALL OVER TO HAVE LIVE QUALITY CAPTIONING – GET IN TOUCH TO HELP US EDUCATE AND ADVOCATE EVEN MORE STRONGLY – YOUR VOICE COUNTS:
Note – If you publish this, please consider making a donation of any size to the CCAC, all volunteers. Use PayPal on any page of the CCAC website – go to http://CCACaptioning.org. Wherever you publish it, add a short note that CCAC welcomes new members, go to CCACaptioning.org/join/